What is hyper or hypo pigmentation?
There is one major difference between hyper and hypo pigmentation. Hyper pigmentation is caused by the increase of melanin and hypo is caused by the decrease of melanin in the skin. Melanin is the substance in the body that is responsible for color.
Some causes of hyperpigmentation of the skin are pregnancy, Addison’s disease, various drugs and excessive sun exposure. Hyperpigmentation appears as patches of dark spots, and a commonly known example is Melasma. Melasma occurs most commonly in pregnant women. Some causes of hypopigmentation of the skin are albinism, pigmentation loss and autoimmune disorders such as vitiligo. Albinism is a rare inherited disorder caused by the absence of enzyme that produce melanin, causing lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. Pigmentation loss can also be caused from blisters, injuries such as burns, and infection. Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder in which cells are damaged causing white patches on the skin. There are several treatment options.
Benefits of Water!
“Water contributes much towards health” – Hippocrates Water is one of the best kept secrets of the health and beauty industries. Water is essential for maintaining skin moisture. Loss of hydration in the skin shows up in all sorts of ways – dryness, tightness and flakiness being just a few. Dry skin has less resilience and is more prone to wrinkling. Anti-aging is also about what we can’t see. Water keeps our cells and vital organs healthy by flushing out toxins, carrying nutrients to our cells and keeping our blood thinner, which is important for heart health and reduction of headaches like migraines. Drinking water can also reduce the risk of obesity. Regular consumption of water will decrease hunger pangs, making overeating less likely. Additionally, a properly hydrated body is less prone to storing excess fat. To sum it up, drinking water is one of the best things we can do for ourselves, both inside and out!
Benefits of Stretch Mark Removal Surgery
Stretch marks are a form of a scar on the skin. They are a tear in the dermis or 2nd layer of the skin. They are also known as Striae, a general term meaning thin, narrow, or channels. They may appear on different parts of the body as a red or blueish color. A stretch mark is caused by the tearing of the dermis from rapid changes in weight or size. Thus, they can be caused by rapid growth during teens, obesity or pregnancy. Over time, they could diminish from a red or active state but never really go away. When mature they are white. There have been many attempts at removing and treating stretch marks such as laser treatments, microdermabrasion or topical creams. These approaches have been somewhat effective as they help diminish but won't remove stretch marks completely. So, unfortunately there is no exact “cure” or treatment except for cutting them out which requires surgery.
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Make sure you chose a board certified plastic surgeon. A call to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons or ASPS at 1-888-4-PLASTIC (ie. 1-888-475-2784) can tell you which doctors are legitimate plastic surgeons with outstanding qualifications. You can also visit the ASPS web site at www.plasticsurgery.org. The ASPS is the only one of the 24 boards approved by the American Board of Medical Specialties that certifies physicians in plastic surgery of the face and all areas of the body. When considering a cosmetic surgeon, you should also make sure your surgeon is a member of the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (ASAPS). A call to ASAPS (1-888-272-7711) or visiting the ASAPS website ( www.plasticsurgery.org) can help you verify your plastic surgeons membership.
To help you in making your decision, please click here to check out the 7 critical questions to ask any plastic surgeon before letting them touch you!
By far, the most important factor in the success of your procedure is the surgeon you choose. So please choose wisely...
Thanks for being my patient.
Sam Speron, MD, FACS
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon
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